interested in a puppy Photo Gallery   YouTube facebook   donate USEC Store  

About USEC - Policies

 

Policy No. 1 - BREEDING GUIDELINES

The United States Eurasier Club, Inc. (USEC) expects that all USEC member breeders will become familiar with the FCI Standard No. 291 for the Eurasier breed. USEC breeders are expected to study the Eurasier standard, become educated in Eurasier conformation, and attend any available breeding seminars offered through the USEC or other Eurasier clubs to further their education of the breed. The USEC expects member breeders to adhere to the USEC Code of Ethics and the following USEC Breeding Guidelines to establish and maintain the highest standards of breeding practices among Eurasier breeders in the United States. Failure by a USEC member to comply with USEC policies may result in disciplinary action at the discretion of the USEC Board. In order to maintain the highest level of quality in Eurasier breeding, the USEC issues certificates to breeders that have litters in total compliance with the following guidelines.

     

  1. General Practices

    1. Goal

      The goal of the breeder must be to obtain healthy and breed-typical Eurasiers in physical characteristics and behavior as described in the FCI Standard No. 291, which can be found here:
      http://www.useurasierclub.org/2009/eurasier/standard.html.

    2. Hobby Breeding & Co-Ownership

      All breeders must adhere primarily to the USEC Code of Ethics and USEC Breeding Guidelines and secondarily seek additional education from other knowledgeable persons or clubs regarding good breeding practices. The breeder and any co-owners must act first and foremost in the best interest of their Eurasier(s) to ensure their good health and quality of life. In keeping with the philosophy of hobby breeding, Eurasiers should be bred out of sincere love for the breed and a desire to play a role in the breed's welfare and protection. Co-ownerships should only be used for mentoring or expansion of bloodlines within the USEC. In the event a co-ownership arrangement is sought, a contract between the co-owners should define the arrangements of the co-ownership, and should address what will be done in the event a co-owner might, for any reason, be unable or unwilling to breed the co-owned dog. Eurasiers should not be bred as a primary or relied upon source of income for the breeder or co-owners. The breeder should also be willing and prepared to take responsibility for those dogs born in their care, should the need arise, and take the dog back.

    3. Family Dog

      The Eurasier is to be kept as part of the family, allowing them to live in the home with their family. Eurasiers should not be kept outside or in an outdoor kennel. An important condition for the development of Eurasier puppies is close human contact from birth until they are placed in their new homes. It is also absolutely necessary that this close human contact will be continued when they go to their new homes. Eurasiers should always be raised in the home, with consistent positive human contact.

    4. Inbreeding/Line Breeding

      Unless unusual circumstances exist where inbreeding has been determined to be in the best interests of the development of the Eurasier breed, inbreeding is not considered to be a good breeding practice in the United States. In general, an inbreeding coefficient less than 5% is recommended for any breeding.

    5. Out-Crossing

      The out-crossing of the breeds of origin (Chow Chow, Samoyed, or Wolfspitz) is not permitted under any circumstances in the United States.

    6. Retired Breeding Dog

      Breeders are expected to keep retired breeding Eurasiers as an integral part of the family. They will not re-home or dispose of the Eurasier.

    7. Eurasier Rescue

      If any Eurasier from a USEC breeder is surrendered to Eurasier Rescue, the breeder will either take the dog back or assist with the rescue and care of the Eurasier while a new home is located. If a new home is located through the USEC Rescue a monetary contribution to the USEC Eurasier Rescue fund to cover the costs of re-homing the dog is required.

    8. Conformation Showing

      Breeders who show their Eurasiers should keep in mind that showing should be fun for both the Eurasier and the owner. The Eurasier is a "natural" dog and should be kept and shown as such. No special products or special grooming other than trimming of hair should be used for show purposes. Eurasiers should not be limited to the sole use of being a show dog that is mostly restricted to crates and traveling, but should continue to be part of the family and be treated accordingly.

    9. Promoting Breeders

      The USEC will promote all breeders in “good standing”. The club will provide puppy referrals, breeding advice, available reference materials, or other support requested by the breeder. Breeder pages on the club website are also available to all breeders in good standing. Breeders that comply with the USEC Policies, Code of Ethics and Bylaws, and who support the club with the purchase of breeder paid memberships for new puppy owners are considered breeders in good standing. Failure to comply with USEC Breeding Guidelines may result in removal of the breeder from the USEC website or loss of membership privileges.

    10. Inactive Breeders

      Breeders who have not bred within the past three years, do not have breeding dogs, or do not have any plans to breed for more than one year, will be listed as “inactive” or removed from the USEC website until breeding plans occur.

  2.  

  3. Breeding Under USEC Sanction

    1. Advanced Notification of Planned Breeding - 30 Day Minimum Requirement

      Official Breeding Notification – USEC member breeders are required to send an official breeding notification to all members of the USEC Board of Directors (useurasierclub@gmail.com) providing details of the planned breeding, no later than 30 days before the breeding takes place. If requesting research into potential mates, please make a request to the Board 60-90 days in advance of any breeding. The official breeding notification should include the following:

      • Full registered names of breeding dogs. This includes the bitch and any considered mate.
      • Time frame of planned breeding.
      • Purpose of planned breeding.
      • Photos of both parents.
      • Copies of all health test results, if not already submitted to the USEC.

      USEC Certified Litter Certificate - Upon notification of the planned breeding the Board will offer support, guidance, advice, input, and any available resources to the breeder. The Board will also assist in the selection of complimentary mates if requested. As a reminder, all requests should be 60-90 days prior to any mating. The Board will evaluate the proposed breeding and will advise in favor of or against the proposed breeding based on the USEC Breeding Guidelines. If the Board advises in favor of the proposed breeding, the breeder will be entitled to refer to the proposed breeding as ‘USEC Certified’, and the USEC will issue a certificate stating that the litter is a "USEC Certified Litter". Breeders who receive this certificate are entitled to receive:

      • Referrals from the club’s central referral list;
      • New Puppy Owner Packets;
      • Printed pedigrees (data permitting); and
      • USEC PetPlan insurance code for 10% discount and free 30 day breeder trial plans for each puppy.

      The following events would EXCLUDE a breeder from receiving a USEC Certified Litter Certificate:

      • Failure to provide a minimum 30 day advance notice of a breeding to the Board;
      • Failure to complete all required health tests before a breeding;
      • Failure to comply with USEC Policy No. 1, Breeding Guidelines or during receipt of disciplinary actions;
      • Proceeding with a breeding after being advised that it is not recommended by the Board; and
      • Accidental litters.

      In the event the Board advises against a proposed breeding the Board will offer an explanation and alternate breeding choices. If a breeder decides to move forward with an ill-advised breeding despite the Board’s recommendation, the USEC holds the right to withdraw any assistance in helping place the puppies with potential owners; to remove any links on the USEC website that refer the breeder; nor will the USEC announce the litter in the USEC quarterly newsletter. The Board may also revoke membership rights either temporarily or permanently.

      If original breeding plans change from what has been submitted to the Board for approval, the Board should be notified as soon as possible of the change.

    2. Breeding USEC Eurasiers with Non-USEC Eurasiers

      Breeders/Stud Owners associated with Other Eurasier Breed Clubs

      The USEC will support a USEC breeder or stud owner that enters into a breeding arrangement with another breeder or stud owner as long as they are associated with a Eurasier breed club. The breeder or stud owner would still be expected to provide notification to the Board at least 30 days in advance of the Eurasier being bred. It is still expected that the breeder or stud owner provide completed required health tests prior to the breeding to the USEC Board.

      Breeders/Stud Owners NOT associated with Other Eurasier Breed Clubs

      The USEC reserves the right to NOT offer support if a USEC breeder or stud owner enters into a breeding arrangement with another breeder or stud owner who is NOT associated with a Eurasier breed club. The USEC would not be required to provide a USEC Certified Litter Certificate, nor would the club be required to extend help with research of health issues, inbreeding coefficient, announcement of the litter, or help with placing puppies.

    3. Integrity of the Breed Standard

      To help ensure integrity of the Eurasier breed in accordance with the FCI standard, breeders are strongly urged to obtain constructive input into the desirability of a breeding, which may include but should not be limited to using the following process:

      1. Photos – Breeders should submit four photos of their Eurasier to the USEC Board or, if available, a USEC breeding subcommittee. The photos should be taken at the following angles or views:

        • One head shot (showing characteristics of the dog’s face)
        • One front shot (from ears to toes, standing, to show dog’s build from the front)
        • One profile shot (nose to tail & ears to toes, standing, to show dog’s build from the side)
        • One rear shot (tail to toes, standing, to show the dog’s build from the rear)

        The photos are intended to convey a realistic idea of the phenotype of the dog, but it does not serve as sufficiently adequate means alone to determine the suitability of the dog for breeding. The photos will be kept on file with the USEC database.

      2. Database Research – Using the USEC database and the IFEZ database the Board can offer inbreeding coefficients (based on the existing data and limitations of the database itself). Common ancestors and recorded health data between any pairing can also be supplied. Information discovered will be provided to the breeder along with suggestions and comments from the Board. It is advised that the breeder conduct additional research into any health problems discovered within the pairing or lineage of the pairing.

    4. Accidental Litters

      Accidental litters are not eligible for USEC Certified Litter Certificates.

      If the breeder of an accidental litter would like assistance with puppy placement, a monetary donation of $50.00 for each live puppy born to the USEC Rescue is required. Depending on the circumstances of the accidental litter (age of parents, health test results that prohibit from breeding, etc.), disciplinary action may result at the discretion of the USEC Board.

    5. Caesarean Births

      In the case of a caesarean birth (also known as a "C-Section"), the Board will review a single C-section birth on a case by case basis with supporting veterinarian records (provided by the breeder) to determine whether attempting another litter is considered safe and in the best interest of the Eurasier. In the event that a female requires two C-section births, she should be immediately retired from breeding for her own health and safety.

    6. Breeding Females

      Breeding Age - The breeding age for the female Eurasier starts at 24 months (2 years) and ends at the end of her 7thyear. Required health tests must be completed with acceptable results and submitted to the USEC before any breeding.

      Imported Females – If permanent health test results can be obtained from an imported female’s country of origin, special consideration will be given for a breeding age beginning at 18 months and at least 2 heat cycles.

      First Litter – A female should have given birth to her first litter no later than the age of five years.

      Time Between Litters – Ideally the female should be bred only once per year. Prior to each mating the female should have a veterinarian examination. In general, it is recommended at least one heat cycle without being bred should be allowed for females to rest between litters.

      Number of Litters – Typically a female should not have more than four litters in her lifetime. There may be exceptions made for special circumstances at the USEC Board’s discretion.

    7. Breeding Males

      Breeding Age – The breeding age for the male Eurasier starts at 24 months (2 years). There is no maximum breeding age for males, but typically fertility decreases around the age of 10 years. It is advised to have a sperm analysis done prior to breeding any Eurasier male over the age of 8 years. Required health tests must be completed with acceptable results and submitted to the USEC before any breeding.

      Imported Males – If permanent health test results can be obtained from an imported male’s country of origin, special consideration will be given for a breeding age beginning at 18 months.

    8. Artificial Insemination

      Artificial insemination on dogs that have not reproduced naturally should be avoided to prevent the continuation of a line in which the dogs cannot breed naturally. Exceptions to this rule should be presented to the USEC Board for evaluation at least 30 days prior to any planned artificial insemination. The USEC Board of Directors will evaluate artificial insemination for 'unproven' dogs on a case by case basis.

  4.  

  5. Health Tests and Acceptable Results
  6. All breeding Eurasiers should be up-to-date with their regular veterinarian examinations and considered in good health and fit for breeding. All required health test results must be provided to the USEC Board for documentation.

    1. Required Health Tests

      Prior to breeding any Eurasier (male or female) and at any subsequent time that there is an indication of a possible problem in the specified area, the following tests must be performed:

      Hip Dysplasia Minimum age: 24 months (2 years)

      Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), https://www.ofa.org/, is the primary entity that analyzes hip x-rays for dysplasia in the United States. OFA requires dogs to be a minimum of 24 months (2 years) to be granted a permanent hip score. OFA does offer preliminary scores, however a permanent rating is required for breeding within the USEC. PennHip, https://antechimagingservices.com/antechweb/pennhip, is an alternative to hip dysplasia testing. The USEC suggests the minimum age of 18 months for the PennHip test.

      Imported dogs may have hips evaluated prior to 2 years of age based on the requirements of their club or country of origin, providing the hip testing is done with an FCI approved organization that evaluates and assigns permanent hip scores.

      Acceptable Results - Only dogs with satisfactory results should be used for breeding. The following are considered by the USEC to be satisfactory results or ratings:

      • Excellent (A1)
      • Good (A2)
      • Fair (B1) - The USEC highly recommends that dogs with a Fair (B1) hip rating only be paired with a mate who has an Excellent (A1) or Good (A2) rating.
      • Borderline (B2) – Borderline Dysplasia (B2) rated hips should be avoided under almost all circumstances. Borderline (B2) hips can only be considered under special circumstances such as, the breeding base population is very small and the dog has other qualities that would benefit the future of the breed. A Borderline (B2) rating can only be bred with a dog that has Excellent (A1) rating.

      Unacceptable Results:

      • Mild (C) and worse – Mild Dysplasia (C) rating and worse are not considered for breeding.

      Patellar Luxation Minimum age: 12 months (1 year)

      Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA), https://www.ofa.org/, is the primary entity that analyzes for patella luxation. This is a manual exam and does not require x-rays or sedation. The OFA will issue a permanent patella rating at 12 months of age.

      Acceptable Results - Only dogs with satisfactory results should be used for breeding. The following are considered by the USEC to be satisfactory results or ratings:

      • Normal (0/0) - Absent extenuating circumstances, only dogs with a "0" patella rating should be bred.
      • 1/1 - could be made an exception. There may be rare circumstances when other factors in the breeding may be considered and weighed before absolutely ruling out the breeding of a grade 1/1 patella. These dogs should only be bred with a Normal (0/0) patella. Breeders are requested to consult with the USEC Board in cases of 0/1, 1/0, or 1/1 patella ratings if being considered for breeding.

      Thyroid Full Panel incl. TgAA Minimum age: 12 months (1 year)

      WITHIN ONE YEAR OF BREEDING. There are two organizations within the US that are highly recommended to be utilized for obtaining full thyroid panels: Michigan State and HemoPet/HemoLife, http://www.hemopet.org/ laboratories. (The USEC does maintain a club discount with HemoPet.) The full panel reports with TgAA results may either be submitted to the USEC or reported to the OFA. The OFA will certify a full thyroid panel. It is at the discretion of the breeder on which organization is used for a thyroid panel, as long as it is a credible testing establishment. Breeders must be sure the test includes the TgAA. Thyroid disease can happen at any time in a dog’s lifetime; typically the disease appears between the ages of 2 and 8 years old. For this reason, the USEC requires updated thyroid panels at a minimum of once every 12 months (preferably anestrus for females).

      Acceptable Results:

      • NORMAL – as indicated on the test, on all measures of a full thyroid panel including TgAA.
      • Upon request of the breeder the USEC can consult with Dr. Jean Dodds of HemoPet about the thyroid panel results.
      • Equivocal – will require retesting.

      Unacceptable Results:

      • TgAA Positive – is not acceptable for breeding

      Eyes Recommended age: 12 months (1 year)

      *The Companion Animal Eye Registry does NOT have a minimum age for testing, only that the eyes of a puppy must be open. YEARLY EXAM or between breedings. The eye examination for observable inherited eye disease by board certified (ACVO) veterinary ophthalmologists, with the results registered with the OFA as Companion Animal Eye Registry (CAER), are acceptable. https://www.ofa.org/diseases/eye-certification

      Note: After the initial CAER certified eye exam, the yearly updated exams may be done by a veterinarian looking for: distichiasis, entropion, and ectropion.

      Acceptable Results:

      • Clear (Normal) – Any result other than Clear (Normal) should consult with the USEC Board in terms of breeding.
      • Distichiae - Other factors will be taken into consideration, such as if the distichiae is causing problems like tearing eyes, deep set eyes, etc. Other faults of the dog should also be noted.
      • As a general rule these guidelines will be followed:

        • Light Distichiae (1-5 lashes) is acceptable for breeding;
        • Medium Distichiae (6-11 lashes) the breeding partner should be clear of distichiae;
        • More than 11 lashes are considered problematic and not acceptable for breeding or may require subsequent retesting.

      • Canine Lipid Dystrophy – (fatty deposits on the cornea) If identified, breeding the dog is breeder’s discretion.

      Brucellosis Approx. 30-60 Days Prior to Breeding

      Brucellosis should be tested prior to each breeding on both male and female dogs. This includes the maiden, or first, mating for each dog. Testing 30-60 days prior to a breeding will allow time for a retest if necessary.

      Acceptable Results:

      • Only uninfected dogs are allowed to breed.

      Dandy Walker-Like Malformation Minimum Age: Any

      This is a DNA test that can be performed at any age. Carriers of the Dandy Walker-Like Malformation may breed, but only to NON-CARRIERS. If both parents of the breeding dog were tested and are both verified NON-CARRIERS of Dandy Walker-Like Malformation there is no need to submit a genetic test for any of their offspring.
      A few available sources for the Dandy Walker-Like Malformation test kit is available at www.vetgen.com; https://www.optimal-selection.com; or https://embarkvet.com/breeder/.

      Acceptable Results:

      • Non-Carriers – May be bred with non-carriers and carriers
      • Carriers – May be bred with non-carriers only

      Note: When breeding a known carrier of either sex, pups that are intended for breeding homes should be tested to ensure only non-carriers go to potential breeders.

    2. Optional Health Tests

      The following tests are considered important and beneficial tests, but are optional for the USEC. It is up to the breeder’s discretion to perform these health tests:

      • Elbow Dysplasia
      • Pancreatic Function Test (EPI)
      • Genetic Color Testing
        • White Gene (e allele) – This DNA test may be recommended if breeding to a known carrier or if known carriers exist in a dog’s lineage. If unknown, please consult the USEC Board for direction.
        • White Spotting/Piebald Gene (sp allele) – This DNA test may be recommended if breeding to a known carrier or if known carrier or if known carriers exist in a dog’s lineage. If unknown, please consult the USEC Board for direction.
      • Epidermolysis Bullosa - This DNA test can be performed at any age. If there is a concern of epidermolysis bullosa in a dog’s lineage or if the dog is imported and parents have not been tested, then an EB carrier test may be required. Testing kits are available with several labs, such as PennGen and VetGen, for example.


    3. Faults that EXCLUDE a Eurasier from Breeding

      • Hip Dysplasia of Mild (C) and worse
      • Patellar Luxation*
      • Distichiasis*
      • Entropion/Extropion
      • Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency (EPI)
      • Auto-Immune Thyroiditis (TgAA positive)
      • Congenitally Incomplete Teeth – Only the P1, P2, or M3 may be missing, any other missing teeth is a fault that would eliminate a dog from breeding.
      • Improper bite
      • Kinky tail
      • Congenital swallowing problems during youth; such as mega-esophagus (achalasia) or physical anomalies in the mouth area
      • Pure white coat color, pintos, white irregular patches, and liver coat color
      • Cryptorchidism (absence of one or both testes from the scrotum)
      • Floppy Ear(s)
      • Strong Lack of Pigment
      • Lack of Gender Characteristics
      • Aggression/Temperament Problems (Refer to the USEC Breeding and Temperament Guidelines for more information)
      • Or other health related conditions that are considered genetic

      *Note exceptions described in Section C(1) Required Health Test.

    4. Submission of Health Tests to the USEC

      Upon receipt of available input and additional consideration of whether the proposed breeding furthers the interests of the USEC and the Eurasier breed in the United States, the breeder is requested to submit the health test results electronically (preferred) or by mailing a hardcopy to the database administrator for data collection and statistical purposes. Additionally, please provide any known information on any serious illness, disease, allergies or surgeries of the dog or his lineage; as well as information on why this breeding is proposed.

    5. Obtaining Offspring Health Information

      It is beneficial to the breeder, and the breed as a whole, that breeders encourage their puppy owners to complete health tests once their dogs reach maturity. Test results for tests such as hips, thyroid, patella, and eyes are crucial for breeders to ensure the continued health of the breed in the United States. Any information received should be shared with the USEC Database Administrator. Offering monetary rebates or requiring deposits for completing health testing in puppies may produce more results.

    6. Planning and Placement of the Litter

      • Prospective Owners - Breeders should plan the placement of their litters in advance of breeding to ensure that there are a sufficient number of prospective owners waiting to provide the best homes possible prior to the conception of the litter. The breeder should screen applicants thoroughly in advance to determine their ability to provide an appropriate quality of life for the Eurasier. Breeders are encouraged to review their sales contract and the health information of the sire and dam of the litter with prospective purchasers as part of the screening process.
      • Personal Records - Every breeder must keep personal records of each litter bred. Breeders should make every effort to maintain contact with puppy owners, keeping track of any changes of address, phone numbers, email addresses, and health information throughout the life of the dog.
      • Breeders in Good Standing - Breeders in good standing who support the club by purchasing breeder paid memberships for new owners are eligible to receive club assistance with placement of pups by access to the USEC Centralized List of Potential Adopting Families.
      • Database Information - For statistical purposes for the USEC database and for the IFEZ database participation, the breeder must provide information on all litters to the USEC Database Administrator within three months after birth including but not limited to, date of birth, registered names of parents, any problems encountered during whelping, full registered names, call names, color, sex, any noted deviations from the breed standard, state (or country) of residence of the puppy, and, if consent has been provided by the new owners, to include their name and address. The USEC maintains a specific Litter Data Form for breeders to utilize and is available upon request.
      • Non-Breeding Agreements - All USEC breeders are strongly encouraged to use a Non-Breeding Agreement with the CKC Registration. In the breeder’s contract, if the new puppy owner would like to breed in the future, then the Non-Breeding Agreement can be lifted once the dog in question has turned two years old AND has all required health tests completed. Health test results and certificates should be provided to the breeder along with the USEC Database Administrator and the Eurasier should be shown to have an acceptable phenotype and temperament.
      • Stud Contract - Breeders and stud owners should develop a mutually agreed upon contract that is signed by both parties.
      • Sales Contract - Breeders should provide a written contract between themselves and the puppy buyer. This sales contract should include some type of health guarantee against genetic defects in the puppy for a specified period after taking the puppy home.
      • Registration of Puppy - Breeders must provide registration papers for their puppies to the new owners within a period of one year from the puppies' birth. If, for reasons beyond the breeder’s control, the registration papers are delayed, the breeder should contact the owners and provide an explanation and reasonable time frame of receipt of registration papers.
      • Advertising - The USEC discourages breeders from advertising puppies for sale in newspapers, magazines, or solicitation on social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Craig’s List, etc.).

This policy was adopted by the United States Eurasier Club, Inc.'s Board of Directors on this 9th day of May, 2005.
Amended on March 22, 2011; December 5, 2015; April 16, 2019.

Policy No. 2 - MINIMUM REQUIREMENT FOR RAISING A LITTER

The United States Eurasier Club, Inc. expects that all breeders who are members of the USEC will adhere to the following minimum requirements for raising a litter to establish and maintain the highest standards of breeding practices among breeders of Eurasiers in the United States. Failure to do so, will result in disciplinary action as detailed in Policy 6,

  1. Environment
    1. Eurasier litters are to be born and raised within the family. You should choose a room of an adequate size within the house that the female is familiar with and where she will find some quiet time in the first three weeks after the puppies are born.
    2. The size of the whelping box should be a minimum 4x4 feet wide and 2 feet high. An entrance provides easy access for the female and a safety bar around the inside of the whelping box wall ensures that the puppies cannot be crushed by the mother by accident. The whelping box should be easy to clean, should be kept clean, and the padding should be changed whenever it becomes soiled which may be several times a day. Adjacent to the whelping box there should be a run that will provide a respectable amount of room for the litter. The female needs a place to retreat (like a shelf on the top of the whelping box or a raised surface within the run) from where she can still supervise her pups but stay outside of their reach. Care must be taken to ensure that a raised platform will not fall onto the puppies.
    3. The room must be dry, clean, and free of any parasites and hazards. The ideal room temperature lies between 68 to 70 degrees. It must be possible to heat the room if needed. Natural light must be available.
    4. In an ideal situation, the room should have direct access to the outside play area. The outside area should have a minimum of 50 square meters for an average litter of 6 puppies. The area should be secure, clean of debris, and free of any hazard to the puppies. It should have different surfaces such as grass, natural ground, trees and rocks and should also include toys and different items to stimulate the puppies' senses and their curiosity.
    5. Two weeks prior to the due date, the female needs to be introduced to the whelping box and the location of it. At the first signs of labor the female is to be watched closely and not to be left alone. The veterinarian caring for the female during her pregnancy should be informed when labor starts so that arrangements can be made to see and/or assist the female, should it become necessary. Plans and arrangements should be made with the veterinarian in advance. An action plan should be developed in case the female experiences any trouble during labor. A female should be immediately taken to a veterinarian upon showing any signs of distress.
  2. Health Care
    1. The puppies should be weighed and identified after birth. Weighing should be continued daily for at least the first three weeks so that a healthy weight gain of the puppies can be monitored. A veterinarian should examine both the litter and mother within 24 hours of birth. If the veterinarian makes house calls, it is preferred to have the vet visit rather than taking newborn pups to a veterinary clinic.
    2. The puppies must receive an examination by a veterinarian at the time of their first immunizations, which should be at around 8 weeks of age. They must be de-wormed (a veterinarian should be consulted for specific worming instructions) and permanently identified with a tattoo or microchip. Puppies will stay with their mother until they are at least 8 weeks old.
    3. The breeder will provide the new owner with the sales contract, the certificate of vaccination and any documents on the permanent identification if available. The new owner will be made aware of the vaccination protocol.
  3. Food and Water
    1. The nutrition of the female and the puppies should be adapted to their needs and age.
    2. Clean, fresh water must be available to the mother and puppies at all times, and must be changed frequently.
    3. Information concerning the current feeding plan of the puppies needs to be given by the breeder to new owners, and enough food should be provided for the first couple of days to make the transition to the new home easier. Some breeders also provide toys or a towel that carries the scent of the mother, but this is an optional choice.
  4. Socialization
    1. The female must be allowed to have contact with her litter at all times as this is essential for a healthy development of the puppies. Also of great importance is human contact, affection and stimulation from the first day on.
    2. Daily playtime with the puppies after they reached the age of 5 weeks is essential to ensure a healthy mental and physical development. At the age of 4-6 weeks, the puppies should be exposed to children, strangers, and introduced to other animals, noises, scents, and daily situations.

All breeders should strive to at least meet these minimum requirements and ensure that their puppies are raised under the very best circumstances. Additional resource materials are available from the USEC upon request of an interested member.

This policy was adopted by the United States Eurasier Club, Inc.'s Board of Directors on this 29th day of April, 2006.
Amended on February 16, 2016

Policy No. 3 - ESTABLISHMENT OF USEC POLICIES

The Board of Directors of the United States Eurasier Club, Inc. hereby adopts the following policy regarding creation and establishment of USEC Policies:

  1. A proposed policy shall be submitted to the USEC Board for study and evaluation prior to being submitted to the Board for action.
  2. The Board shall submit proposed new and revised policy statements and policy statement waivers to the Secretary of the USEC (hereinafter "Secretary") for placement on a future agenda for Board action.
  3. A policy shall be effective immediately upon approval of the Board at a regular meeting, unless otherwise stipulated.
  4. If a policy statement has external application that clearly and directly affects the substantive rights of USEC members or individuals outside the USEC when enforced, the policy shall be drafted, noticed and adopted as follows:
    1. A policy statement may be proposed to the Board at any time by any member of the USEC.
    2. A proposed policy statement shall be submitted to the Board for study and evaluation.
    3. The Secretary or designee shall report to the Board a summary of the proposed policy statement.
    4. The Board may direct the Secretary or designee to hold informal consultation meetings with persons who proposed or who may be affected by a proposed policy statement to identify specific areas of agreement, disagreement and compromise.
    5. The Board may schedule a public hearing at the USEC annual membership meeting, emergency meeting or other membership meetings concerning the proposed policy statement. The Secretary or designee shall publish notice of the meeting at least sixty days prior to the meeting date.
    6. During the notice period and prior to any scheduled final action by the Board, any person may communicate in writing to the Board concerning the proposed policy statement. The final action taken on the policy statement by the Board shall be based upon consideration of the information submitted in writing and at any meeting on the matter.
    7. The meeting on the proposed policy statement may be held before the Board at a regular or special USEC membership meeting.
    8. A meeting record shall be kept by the USEC Secretary in the form of a written summary.
    9. The Board may take any action it deems appropriate. After the Board has taken action, unless the Board has directed otherwise the Board shall not entertain further comments from any persons concerning the proposed policy statement.
    10. When the Board adopts the proposed policy statement, with whatever revisions the Board deems appropriate, the policy statement shall be filed with the USEC Clerk as soon as practicable. It shall also be published on the USEC website or on an alternative site dedicated to USEC members.
    11. The USEC Secretary shall develop procedures by which Board policies, resolutions and policy statements are reviewed for applicability on a regular basis.
    12. USEC policies, resolutions and policy statements shall be issued to the membership for review and comments six months prior to the fifth anniversary of the effective date. After that review and comment period has expired, Board policies, resolutions and policy statements and administrative directives may be revised or reissued with a new effective date.

Adopted by the Board of Directors, United States Eurasier Club, Inc., on this 19th day of February 2008.

Policy No. 4 - USEC MEETINGS

The Board of Directors of the United States Eurasier Club, Inc. hereby adopts the following policy regarding its meetings:

  1. Board Meetings
    1. Regular Meetings
      1. The Board shall meet regularly by electronic or telephone conferencing the first and third Tuesday of every month, beginning at 8:00 p.m. EST. Such regularly scheduled meetings may be held without notice, as the time and place of such meetings is hereby fixed by the Board.
        1. The Board may alter the meeting schedule at its discretion, provided the notice required in the USEC Bylaws is given. If the meeting schedule is altered on a permanent basis, this policy shall be revised to reflect that change.
        2. The Board may also take action via email communication as necessary between meetings. Motions will be made, seconded, and approved by a vote of the majority if needed for immediate action of an agenda item.
      2. The President of the USEC shall act as the Chair of the Board, and shall preside at all meetings of the Board. The Vice President of the USEC shall exercise all of the duties and powers of the Chair in the Chair's absence.
      3. At any meeting of the Board of Directors, two thirds of the Board members shall constitute a quorum and a majority of those present shall be necessary to take action.
      4. A Board member may participate in a meeting of the Board by telephone conference, electronic conference, or other similar communication device in which all persons attending the meeting can actively communicate and participate in the meeting.
    2. Special Meetings - Special or emergency Board meetings may be called as provided in the USEC Bylaws.
    3. Minutes
      1. Minutes of each Board meeting shall be taken by the Secretary, and shall be circulated to all members of the Board at least three (3) days in advance of the next regular meeting.
      2. Once the minutes have been approved by the Board, the Clerk shall retain a copy of the minutes in the official files of the USEC located in Sudbury, Massachusetts. Once the minutes have been approved, notes, recordings and/or transcripts of the meetings may be destroyed.
      3. Approved minutes from regular Board meetings will be distributed via email to all members in good standing at least every other month.
  2. Membership Meetings
    1. Annual Meetings - Annual meetings of the USEC Membership shall be held. Notice of the date, time, place and agenda of the meeting will be given at least 30 days in advance of the meeting.
      1. Such notice shall be provided by electronic mailing to all USEC members in good standing, and shall also be published on the USEC website.
    2. Special or Emergency Meetings - Special or emergency meetings of the USEC Membership shall be held whenever necessary for the effective and efficient operation of the USEC. Notice of the special or emergency meetings shall be given as far in advance as practicable before the meeting date and time. Any applicable provisions of the USEC bylaws regarding special or emergency meetings will govern such meetings.
    3. Minutes
      1. Minutes of each USEC Membership meeting shall be taken by the Secretary, and shall be circulated to all members of the USEC at least 7 calendar days in advance of the next regular meeting.
      2. Once the minutes have been approved by the Board, the Clerk shall retain a copy of the minutes in the official files of the USEC located in Sudbury, Massachusetts. Once the minutes have been approved, notes, recordings and/or transcripts of the meetings may be destroyed.
      3. The minutes shall contain:
        1. The date, time and place of the meeting;
        2. The members of the Board present and absent;
        3. The members of the USEC present;
        4. A short, concise statement or summary of the topics, proposals, items or actions taken or considered;
        5. A recital of motions made which have received a second;
        6. The results of the votes taken on the motion;
        7. The results of any roll call vote with each member's vote noted; and
        8. Indication of motions dying for lack of a second.
        9. Items of old business
        10. Items of new business
  3. Action - The Board shall take action only on the items appearing on the agenda of any meeting. Additional items of business may be brought before the Board and discussed, but no action may be taken until properly noticed, unless the matter is an emergency.
    1. In Board meetings, all actions of the Board shall be taken upon a motion made by a Board member, seconded by another member, and adopted by a majority of those members present.
    2. In Membership Meetings, all actions shall be taken upon the motion of a member, including but not limited to a Board member, seconded by another member, and adopted by a majority vote of those members present and eligible to vote.
  4. Cancellation - In the event a Board meeting or USEC Membership meeting is cancelled, all agenda items requiring action or other items requiring Board consideration shall be moved to the next regular or special meeting as determined by the Board.

This Policy has been adopted by the Board of Directors of the United States Eurasier Club, Inc. on this 19th day of February, 2008.
Amended April 5, 2016.

Policy No. 5 - DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS CODE OF Conduct

  1. Fiduciary Duty. Every Director and Officer of the USEC enjoys a position of trust endowed upon them by the USEC membership, and has a fiduciary duty to act in the best interests of the United States Eurasier Club, Inc. at all times. This duty exists during the time the officers and directors are actively serving the USEC, and continues after the officer's or director's period of service ends for any reason.
  2. Exercise of Good Judgment. No Director or Officer of the USEC shall place himself/herself in a position which may impair independence of judgment in the exercise of his or her duties or give rise to suspicion by being in conflict with the interests of the United States Eurasier Club, Inc.
  3. Standard of Conduct. USEC Directors and Officers are expected to hold themselves to the highest standards of courtesy, respect, professionalism and ethics in their interactions with any person, including but not limited to current and past USEC members and the general public, regarding USEC matters. They are expected to adhere to, comply with and enforce USEC bylaws and policies. Directors and Officers are subject to the highest scrutiny and will be held strictly accountable for their actions.
    1. Adherence to Policies. USEC Directors and Officers will follow all USEC policies. Failure to do so can result in discipline, up to and including removal from the board or officer position, and possible membership expulsion.
    2. Breeding. USEC Directors and Officers who are Breeders are expected to maintain the highest standard of breeding, and to adhere to all applicable USEC policies in those efforts. Violations of USEC breeding policies are subject to discipline, up to and including removal from the Board or Officer position(s) and possible membership expulsion, depending upon the severity of the infraction.
    3. Communications. When conducting business or otherwise acting on behalf of the USEC, all Directors and Officers of the USEC will conduct and identify themselves as a USEC Director or Officer, and will at all times act in the best interests of the USEC. This includes communications through social media, telephone conversations, email, messenger conversations and all other manner of communication. It should be made clear to the person with whom the Director or Officer is communication that the conversation they are having is with a USEC Director or Officer, and any information disclosed during the conversation, can and will be shared with the USEC Board if so requested by the Board.
    4. Professionalism. All USEC Directors and Officers must refrain from making public comment, including but not limited to posts on social media, that may allude to favoritism or that are not professional or factual in nature.
    5. Confidential Information. No confidential information held by a USEC Director or Officer may be published or shared at any time in any manner other than as directed by the Board, including but not limited to communications via email or on social media. Sharing confidential information by any Director or Officer via telephone conversation or any other means is strictly prohibited.

      No Director or Officer of the USEC shall use confidential information acquired by virtue of his/her position for his/her private gain, or to embarrass, humiliate or otherwise harm any other person.

      This duty of maintain confidentiality continues after a Director or Officer has vacated his or her position.

      Violation of this provision serves as grounds for disciplinary action, including but not limited to, removal from the Director or Officer position and possible membership expulsion.
    6. Cooperation. USEC Directors and Officers will provide all requested information to the rest of the board if there is a majority vote to do so. Actions taken by Directors or Officers on behalf of the USEC without sharing that information to the rest of the board serves as grounds for disciplinary action up to and including removal from office and possible expulsion from the USEC.
  4. Financial Interest. No Director or Officer of the USEC shall acquire a financial interest at a time when the Board member or Officer believes or has reason to believe it may be affected directly by his/her official act as a USEC Director or Officer.
    1. If a Director or Officer of the USEC has a financial interest which he/she believes or has reason to believe may be affected by the actions of the USEC, he/she shall disclose the precise nature and value of the interest. The disclosures shall be made at the time that interest arises, shall be made in writing to the Clerk of the USEC. Thereafter, the information or the disclosures shall be made available by the USEC Clerk for inspection by the USEC members or the public; except that the valuation shall be confidential except as required under applicable law.
  5. Conduct in USEC Hearings. It is imperative that the Board has the opportunity to fully and candidly discuss matters that come before it. It is equally important that rumors, gossip, and unsubstantiated allegations regarding USEC members, including Directors and Officers, be eliminated while at the same time ensuring that well-founded allegations or concerns may be aired and addressed in accordance with USEC bylaws. Accordingly, all Directors and Officers must address the issues and at the same time maintain the confidentiality of information that comes before it relating to any alleged misconduct or violations by individual members of the USEC.
    1. The allegations may be disclosed to third persons only in accordance with USEC bylaws. Disclosures and/or allegations must be made using and in accordance with the USEC's complaint and/or disciplinary process, in which the individual member accused is provided an opportunity to present evidence on his or her behalf.
    2. If the allegation or complaint is against any Director or Officer, he or she must recuse himself or herself and be excused from all discussion and action on the matter, except as provided in the USEC bylaws for addressing the Board and presenting evidence and information on his or her own behalf.
    3. Individual discussion outside of the Board by any Director or Officer in any other context is strictly prohibited, and shall be grounds for removal of the person making such unauthorized disclosures from his or her Director or Officer position, and shall subject that person to disciplinary action and possible expulsion from the USEC.
    4. Upon completion of any disciplinary and/or hearing process and a decision regarding an allegation against a Director or Officer, the remaining Directors reserve the right to vote to remove the Director or Officer against whom the allegations were made if the Director or Officer is found to have violated USEC policy, or failed to serve the best interests of the United States Eurasier Club.
  6. Impartiality. While it's understood that USEC Directors and Officers will likely have personal relationships with members and former members of the club, it is imperative that every Director and Officer's first responsibility is to the USEC, and that his or her actions serve the interests of the United States Eurasier Club. Favoritism or the appearance of favoritism among USEC Directors and Officers will not be tolerated.
  7. Personal Matters. All USEC Directors and Officers are to act in a professional manner towards all USEC Members at all times. Personal issues do not serve the best interests of the United States Eurasier Club and will not be grounds for consideration by the USEC Board unless the matter involves or is related to possible violation of USEC policies or bylaws.
  8. Gratuities. No Director or Officer of the USEC shall accept any favor or gratuity from any person, firm, corporation or other entity in exchange for the performance of an official act in his or her position with the USEC.
  9. Annual Certification. Each Director and Officer of the USEC shall annually sign an oath containing a certification that the Director or Officer has reviewed this "Directors and Officers USEC Code of Conduct" and will comply with the provisions contained herein.

This Code of Conduct was adopted by the Board of Directors of the United States Eurasier Club, Inc., on the 19th day of February, 2008, and was revised and approved by the Board of Directors on August 15, 2017.